Barcelona Urban Interventions

I participated in the Barcelona Study Abroad Program for the fall 2010 semester. Our class was situated in the heart of Barcelona’s Barri Gotic off of Las Ramblas and challenged with a contextually Spanish problem of how to place an intervention in the Eixample. Our project brief required the development of a secondary school program within the context of Barcelona’s Eixample and integration of the educational program beyond the normative typology of a secondary school. We  wanted to reinterpret the schools urban condition to facilitate public usage concurrently with student usage and design a formal logic which reflects the functional aspects of a school without classrooms. The classroom was transformed into studio space where faculty, students, and external public dialoged. The education system was based on a Spanish Baccalaureate program that was composed of core classes and a specialization of the students’ choosing.


MASS show boards

Growth in population and suburban subdivision sprawl has left our cities burdened with ever increasing urban  footprints that hinder our ability to live sustainably. Subdivisions create low density developments that are only accessible by the automobile and far from places of work or retail. The desire to live in a single family dwelling in a safe suburban setting makes it attractive, yet unsustainable to continue building this way. There is a dichotomy between suburban living and higher density mixed-used developments. The Dalhousie community exemplifies the suburban single family subdivision that is increasingly unsustainable yet attractive to live in. Is it possible to rethink suburbia and increase the density of the population while maintaining the character of the neighbourhood?

Re-Programming Territories is a proposal for Dalhousie and many other communities that resemble it. This prototype laneway infill attempts to re-program laneway garage space and foster a new alternative urban habitation grafted onto the existing laneway infrastructure without interrupting existing residences. The design strategy calls for the compensation and annexation of whole lengths of laneway to infill and add to the suburban fabric, increasing the density to approximately fifteen units/hectares. What was a monolithic empty back alley, becomes activated with occupation.

Pedestrian laneway activation is accomplished through the addition of enclosed public green corridors which are both a greenhouse and circulation spine for the residents where urban farming occurs year-round and lush vegetation warms the coldest winter days. This corridor is accessible to the whole community and operates as a year-round pedestrian promenade. It acts as a mitigating inbetween space for the laneway and existing houses. Existing houses now look onto a glazed year-round greenspace instead of monolithic garages. Activation is happening both in the green corridor and outside on the lane. Residents balconies overlook the public spaces and lane. Both laneway residents and existing residents share the same carports in the lane. The size and layout of the units will attract new demographics to Dalhousie to live in the lane. Units are designed to be a modular compact design perfect for bachelors, students, low income, and small families that are more inclined to use the community shuttle system. At the end of each block live-work and commercial unit anchor the lane to provide valuable services to the community within walking distance.

My first memory of arriving in Barcelona (BCN) was one of excitement and exhaustion, Erin and I got lost down in the Placa Catalunya Metro Stop and no one down there spoke English. Luckily I am planner and spent countless months preparing for BCN, so after a little bit of sign language and frustration, we found our way to Barcelonetta where Erin was staying. For the most part, living in BCN for three months was the most rewarding and fun experience of my Master of Architecture degree and hope one day to revisit the city that I called home for that brief period. To help out future students planning on studying BCN, especially my peers at the University of Calgary, Faculty of Environmental Design, I thought it might be helpful to create travelers guide for BCN.

NB: This is an ongoing project and I will add to it when I can, please leave some comments on things I should add and treat it as a living document that anyone can nurture and add to with your inputs. ENJOY!


1. Learn Spanish and some basic words in Catalan.

We were told before we left that we didn’t need to know Spanish because we could get around with a rudementary understanding. However, to have a more COMFORTABLE and easier experience I would suggest  you pick up a Rosetta Stone language software or take some classes to learn some conversational Spanish. It is too easy when travelling with a big group of students from Canada to insulate yourself and have trouble talking to locals. To really impress people in BCN, learn some of the basics of Catalan like Sisplau.


2. Find a Place to Live – Duh!

Check out the accommodations section for some suggestions.

3. Book your Flights early and with only one airline alliance

Book your flight on one round-trip ticket into and out of Europe before you leave as chances are you will find the best prices in the summer, and booking a round-trip ticket normally saves some money on taxes over the price of two one-way tickets. More importantly avoid booking connecting flights on different airline alliances in Europe. Unions in Spain tend to go on strike often (there was at least 3-4 subway/transit strikes in three months we were there) and this happened to us with the air traffic control workers when most of us were leaving at the end of the semester. My friends who had booked connecting flights from BCN to another European country to catch their return flight to Canada had problems, and some people missed or had to reschedule on their own dime the return flight because of the strike. Using one airline alliance for your complete return trip can help to avoid the hassle of rebooking connecting and returning flights. Erin, Mady, and I ended up taking a 14 hour bus ride to Paris to catch a flight from Paris to Dublin to make it in time for our three day Ireland tour. Check out the flights section to find great prices on flights.

4. Get Travel Accident, Cancellation, and Baggage Insurance at the same time you book your flight.

The university dictates that all students must have this insurance, so pick this insurance up on the same day that you book your flight as you will save money from whichever company you decide. Insurance companies offer discounts when you book within 24 hours of buying your flight. I am not sure of the reasoning behind this. Shop around for this insurance using Kanetix, CAA, the airline you fly with, or your automobile/home insurer.


5. The GSA Health & Dental Plan comes with out-of-province travel insurance coverage which is just as good, if not better for Health Insurance

Contact the University of Calgary GSA Health & Dental Plan officer before you leave to sign the waiver stating that the reason for your travel is for academic purposes and need to have 365 day travel insurance. Every graduate student unless they opt-out pays for health coverage and there is no point in buying extra coverage, just use the GSA’s and get the travel insurance card.


6. Buy quality tough travel bags, pack light, and bring good walking shoes

You will be travelling a lot so leave the school backpack and duffel bag at home. Go out and get a good piece of checked luggage such as something with rollers and is light or an 80-90L expedition/travel pack that could take the beating of the cobble stone roads and is easy to carry. Next purchase a good day/weekend pack for your short haul trips on weekends and for carry-on. Something that maximizes the dimensions of carry-on luggage and is comfortable that carries 5-10 kilos. I prefer a weekend camping backpack with padded straps and waistband as they are normally not scrutinized for size on the low cost airlines in Europe. They’re are some really cool packs available made for carry on and perfect for laptops during weekday classes. Avoid school backpacks as these become very uncomfortable when loaded with 5-10 kilos. While you are at it, find a laptop shoulder bag as this separates the weight issue of traveling with a laptop in carry-on luggage. You will be surprised how fast 20-30 kilos of checked luggage goes so pack light on your way to BCN because chances are you will buy 5 kilos worth of clothes, souvenirs, books, and gifts. Along the same lines, buy comfortable and durable walking shoes for all the walking you will do in BCN. One suggestion is that you avoid running shoes as they are a dead giveaway that you are a tourist and target for pick pockets.

7. Plan for Oktoberfest & La Merce

Everyone will have a great time in BCN, however there was one trip in particular that I personally enjoyed. I would highly recommend that everyone should go  going to the original Oktoberfest in Munich which is mid-September to beginning of October as it is everything you have ever imagined a beer festival should be. Book early in May or June as hostels book up fast and hotels are expensive. Three friends and I ended up having to book a hotel room which was fairly expensive, however well worth it. Remember to check out the date of La Merce which is a huge festival in BCN, you do not want to book a trip to Oktoberfest when La Merce is happening. A suggestion for La Merce is to participate in the fire run, it is incredibly fun.

8. Buy a Money Belt

These little security devices might seem stupid, however many people in our class had money stolen during the trip. If you plan on carrying large sums of money, use a money belt, its a great place to put your passport and other valuable documents.

9. Bring a Watch

Personally a good watch that is waterproof is incredibly useful to know what time it is so you don’t miss a flight or class.

10. Bring your Smartphone and Download Lonely Planet Guides or Bring Guide Books

I brought an old PDA for quick internet access, however I regretted not bringing my smartphone. Smartphones are incredibly useful, turn off your data and wireless plan so you do not incur charges and just use your smartphones Wi-Fi and GPS. It is possible to buy lonely planet guides online for $5 and use them right on your phone with GPS to locate points of interest. A smartphone with Wi-Fi makes for the perfect weekend travel companion when making weekend trips without your laptop.

11. Buy a Power Adapter / Leave the Hair Iron and Blow Dryer at Home

Avoid power converters, your laptop only needs a power adapter which takes a North American plug and changes it to European. You can buy these when you arrive in Europe in the airport so it is possible to wait till you arrive. Many women in the class brought blow dryers and hair irons, however their power converters, fried them. These items are bulky to pack and are relatively inexpensive in Europe. Save yourself some grief and buy these when you get into town.



It is important to plan how much money you are going to spend to make sure you have a good time and don’t run out of money. Factor in cost of flights, food, accommodations, travel, and fun. It is reasonable to expect to spend on top of tuition, anywhere from $7,000-$12,000. The biggest expense for me was clothes and gifts, flights for weekend travel, hostels for weekend travel, and partying. Food can be cheap if you prepare your own meals.


Scotiabank is one of the best banks to have an account with while you are traveling. They’re part of something called the Global ATM Alliance with partner banks across Europe where you can withdraw money free of charge from their partner bank’s ATM. People with RBC, CIBC, TD, and other accounts will incur a 5-10 Euro charge each time they withdraw. There is a Deustche Bank ATM (Alliance member) near the studio in Placa Catalunya and on Via Laietana.

Global ATM Alliance

While at it, make sure your credit card has a chip and pin code system, most machines in Europe require a chip and pin credit card from Mastercard or Visa to work.


There are three places I highly recommend living in:


El Borne (Boutique Shops and Bars)

Borne and in general La Ribera is an amazing place of boutique shops, trendy bars, the Picaso Museum, and close to the beach /main park. The area is less tourist trekked and attracts many students due to its proximity to the university.

Barri Gotic / Old Gothic Quarter (Clubs, Culture, & Studio Location)

I personally lived in Barri Gotic and love the area as its the oldest part of Barcelona, within the Roman Walls and is the central place for many of the festivals. Three times while living in there was I awoken by marching bands and twice by people celebrating with musket shots during a festival. This area is exciting, full of culture, churches, small shops, and all the coolest places to drink, shop, and party. This area is closets to studio, near Las Ramblas and 10 minutes from the beach, and has some of the coolest apartments.

Barceloneta (Near the Beach)

Closes to the beach and beach bars, this area obviously has its attractions. Expect to live in something a little more expensive for the opportunity to live on the ocean.

September to November is considered low-mid season for short term apartment rentals and prices for accommodations vary. We personally had one of the best deals, for four people, we had a two bedroom, four bed, 75 square meters apartment in Gotic for $1450 CDN each for the total of our stay of 84 days. This is a fully furnished apartment (a must), including dishwasher, TV with cable, air conditioning and heat (rare), utilities included (also rare), and internet included (super rare). Plus we didn’t have to put down a deposit which is unheard of. Apartments are not insulated in BCN, they are brick and concrete so they do get cold and super hot, heating is predominantly electrical so look for places that include utilities. Putting down deposits can be complicated because they are large sums of money, normally a months rent and owners can take their sweet time getting it back to you. The person you are probably paying money to is likely a broker and the person who owns the apartment or is the super could be somebody completely different who doesn’t speak English which complicates they whole process.

Three websites stood out for finding places to live:


Rented a Flats by Days apartment through this website and we had an amazing experience, they have a set of apartments right in Barri Gotic on Belafilla that they do not ask for a deposit and provide utilities and internet included. Beautful places with high ceilings and all the amenities included with a great price.




To fly into Europe, it is cheapest to fly out of Vancouver, Toronto, or Montreal and into London, Frankfurt, Amsterdam, or Paris and then connecting with a low fair airline to Barcelona (be cautious of strikes). Provide yourself with a couple days in your layover city in case of a strike and to tour. If you are diligent at checking prices or use an agent/flight booking website you can find deals direct from Calgary. I found Air Transat to be the cheapest flight from Toronto. Erin and I were able to land a week early in Greece to hit the beaches and then spend an extra ten days in Ireland and London at the end of the semester for less then $900 CDN. Air Transat is somewhat no frills with no free alcohol, economy class seating is comfortable but tight, and the planes don’t have in-seat entertainment units. Use Expedia and CheapTickets websites to search for tickets using flexible dates. Pay attention to checked luggage allowances as not all airlines are created equal. When booking your flight into and out of Barcelona, remember that there is one major airport and another in Gerona 70 minutes away.

When traveling in between European countries use these websites:

http://flights.traveleurope.com/ (cost comparing website that does not include normally easyjet or ryanair)

http://www.ryanair.com/en (Some flights out of Gerona, airport 70 minutes away)

Ryanair is incredibly cheap, expect to not depart on time, and for them to try to charge you for every little thing. That all being said, they can get you around Europe on a shoestring budget. Print your boarding pass as they charge 40 Euros if you forget. Make sure your carry-on fits the dimensions, they tend to be very forgiving for backpacks.

http://wizzair.com/ (Eastern Europe Carrier)

http://www.easyjet.com/asp/en/book/index.asp?lang=en (Some flights out of Gerona, airport 70 minutes away)

For the most part book your flights directly from company websites, only use Travel Europe as a cost comparison site as it charges a $20 fee for booking. Ryanair, Wizzair, and Easyjet normally has great sales close to departure date so keep checking these low cost airlines for sales of $5-$10 one-way tickets before taxes. These are the sales you want to jump on. Veuling is the Spanish low cost airline, keep an eye out for sales on their homepage too, their sales normally happen a couple months in advance like more traditional carriers.



BCN metro

The BCN metro system is amazing and fairly robust. A 10-ride one zone ticket costs around 7-8 Euros and covers most of Barcelona proper. Purchase these tickets using the machines found at all metro stops. You can change the language to English on these machines and only need to select an Adult 10-day zone one ticket. The remaining zones you will likely not need unless you are traveling to the suburbs or on one of the field trips with studio. Metro stops at around 2am at night and then restarts at 4am in most areas. This works out perfectly as people tend to go clubbing until 4-5am in the morning in BCN. The transfer between lines at Urquiano and Passieg de Gracia are super long walks of a block or two underground, this is sometimes unavoidable. To orient yourself down in the Metro look for the signs that say the end of the line to tell direction of train. Keep an eye on your stuff as its a prime place for theft.


The train system in Spain is in my opinion, one of the worst systems in Europe. RENFE the national carrier does not run high speed trains, their website has an English side, however the website train search tool is complicated and half the time does not work. The network is based on all trains going to Madrid and then exiting the country so I wouldn’t recommend anyone buying a Eurorail pass. If you plan to go to Zaragosa to see the Zaha bridge then the train is probably the best way to get to there. Montserat also requires you use the RENFE train

Getting to and from the airport


Taxi is the easiest way and can cost around 20-30 Euros from the airport to Gotic. If you have large baggage and they need to put it in the trunk, they will charge you so carry your packs with you in the back seat. The convenient Aeroport Bus leaves from Placa Catalunya to the airport regularly and visits both terminals. It costs around 5-6 Euros and is the best bang for your buck to get to the airport. You can buy your ticket right on the bus. The cheapest way to get to the airport and my favourite for all those weekend trips is to use the Metro and RENFE Train. Purchase a 10-ride zone one ticket and you can get to and from the airport. The train goes to only Terminal 1 (the terminal that low-fair airlines flight out of), however you can take a free shuttle to Terminal 2. Take the metro to the stops Clot, Passeig de Gracia, or Barcelona Sants (otherwise known as Sants Estacio) Then transfer to RENFE train heading to Aeropuerto. RENFE train lines have a different symbol then the M symbol for the subway.

To get to the Gerona airport 70 minutes away where the majority of the low cost airlines fly out of, use the Barcelona Bus that departs and arrives from Barcelona Nord bus station near the Arc de Trimof (you will soon realize that all major European cities have an Arc similar to Paris). One-way and Return tickets can be purchase from the bus station for 20-25 Euros. The bus ride is the only way to reach Gerona Airport but is fast and is timed around Ryanair flights.

The 90 Day Limit – Schengen Area


You can’t get around the Schengen Area 90 day limit, although many students by no fault of their own due to the air traffic controller strike have overstayed their 90 day limit and not been penalized. Erin and I were able to stay in Europe for 102 days by flying out of Barcelona on the 90th day to Ireland and then London. Ireland and the UK are outside of the Schegun area and we planned to spend the last 12 days here. Spending a weekend or longer in Ireland or the UK is a great way to extend your trip.


Theft is a problem in Barcelona that you can avoid. Women should only use purses that zip up, avoid purses that only partially close with a latch that someone can sneak a hand it. Keep your purse and laptop case in front of you with a hand on it. Men should avoid putting their wallet in their back pocket. If some stranger comes up to you and puts his hand on your person, this is likely a distraction while they reach for your money so push them away and yell at them. Thieves likely will run away as they tend to only want your money. Watch your backpacks on trains keep them in front of you, the Metro is a great place to get robbed when you are entering and leaving the train. During our stay in Barcelona we had people get robbed after visiting the ATM because they are being watched, people lose their purse after putting it down, and backpacks when they were not watching it in train stations. Beware of the area around our studio and on Las Ramblas, especially chicken corner and Placa de Orwell. Everyday someone was robbed including people in our program, fights break out at chicken corner all the time. This is because drug dealers are always at this corner. You will see tons of cops, however it does not seem to stop the crime.


Buy a small map of the city and metro which you can pick up when you arrive. Metro maps are free at the main stations. They are incredibly useful to have while traveling during the day.

Museum Card
The Articket BCN card is the must have card for museum and art lovers in BCN. You pay a lump sum fee of around 20-30 Euros to get into seven museums including the Picasso Museum and one of Gaudi’s houses. Its great bang for your buck if you plan to go to at least three museums.


You can buy pay as you go phones for fairly cheap local calls and text which is a great way to stay in touch with your class or call friends you make in town. I paid around 13 Euros for my phone and spent about 20 Euros a month on phone cards. This was the best way to stay in touch with our class and if you make friends in the city. If you want to call back to Canada, stick with Google Phone or Skype, it is the cheapest.

Some Advice

What I regret most about the trip is that I traveled every weekend I was in BCN. I only spent 4 weekends in BCN and because of that I did not have much of a chance to make friends with the locals or other exchange students at the local universities. There is a ton of students at the BCN universities that speak English, try to make friends with as many as you can. It is always fun!


Future Topics:



Football – FC Barcelona

Traveling for Architecture

Bilbao/San Sebastian











This is a draft paper on Success & Innovation in Professional Practice that I hope to have published in the near future. Love to hear your feedback on the paper!

Toward Success – Online Reader

Executive Summary

The architecture profession is constantly changing as the current political and economic uncertainty necessitate adaptability. Practitioners spend considerable resources and time to stay abreast on issues facing the profession and emerging strategies for success. As with many other professionals Architects strive to be successful, however it seems that practitioners, firms, and students are hard pressed to be completely satisfied as the architecture process is a continuous design dialogue. Creating a conceptual success model for architecture appears relevant to cope with the changing environment that Architects practice within and can assist in future career planning. An appropriate model could be based on the core values of leadership, innovation, sustainability / ethical design, and the firms relevance which is otherwise known in the business world as the bottom-line. These core values encompass many soft skills and are based on relevant literature on success theory that should be considered. These values provide varying levels of fulfilment, however to become truly successful requires a balance. Consistent with many other pursuits in life, balance for the profession is integral and the model advocates for a strong educational focus that meets these core values. To attain the success sweet spot in the model, education must avoid overemphasizing one aspect and strive to make well-rounded practitioners.

Great News!

I just completed my Master of Architecture Degree from the University of Calgary, Faculty of Environmental Design! I will be returning back to Toronto soon and will be looking for internship to become a registered architect!

Success is typically defined as one’s attainment or measure of social status, achievement, and profit compared to others. Success for an architect can be an allusive as we belong to a profession and there is an added dimension of ethics in practice. As practicing architects and businessman we are responsible to make a profit, attain business, sustain our business, and provide compelling work for our firm. As a practicing architect and registered professional we are ethically responsible for the work we do and how it affects the built environment and ecology of the site.

The purpose of this research document is to present a definition of success for an architect and establish a lexicon of descriptors for measuring success. What is troubling is that architects never seem to be completely satisfied with their own work and look to other famous architects as successful. There is also the saying that “an architect only becomes famous after he dies,” which held true during the mid-twentieth century and to some extent still today.

Architectural Success in Professional Practice

There are four definitions/types of success for an architect and architecture practice that are discernible:

  1. The measure and impact one has on the built environment. Architects like Le Corbusier and Louis Kahn defined a generation and movement of architecture. Even today we can still see what these architects have achieved in the work of others. The architect that directly affects how we perceive architecture through their own works is a successful architect.
  • Achievement
  • Game Changers
  • Icons of an Era
  • Defines Architectural Movement2. A person or practice who has won many competitions and designed many focal points of major cities. This type of success can be measured on how known architects such as Gehry and Zaha are known outside of the architecture profession. These architects have yet to define a style or movement of architecture, however they have won prestigious projects and are willing to experiment with style that other people admire. Admiration is a key measure.
  • Recognition/Status
  • Winner/Prestige
  • Quality of work attained and designed3. The size and growth rate is another metric of business success. Attaining profitable success can be measured by size of firm, stock price, and income statements of the firm. These measures are looking at the functional health of the firm to sustain itself and be able to produce work. There is a very casual causality between health of the firms financing and other definitions of success, although it does tell us that whatever the firm’s strategy is, its working to sustain it.
  • Profit
  • Size
  • Firm’s Health
    4. The ability to create a better future through ethical/accountable design that fulfils a personal need and population wants. As our world becomes more aware of the fragility of the ecologies we occupy, successful design is measured in what level of LEED has it achieved and what is its ecological footprint. Optimizing design helps reduce the monetary upkeep and leads to more ethical design. Architects that consistently have a track record of sustainable design and projects that are less likely to fail are thus more accountable to the profession.
  • Personal Achievement/Fulfilment of Self Needs
  • Ethical Design
  • Honour
  • Accountable

In all these categories we need leaders and champions of the profession to fulfil these definitions. Leaders make meaning and create a coherent culture where success is obtainable through well defined goals. Success is defined in architecture as all four of these traits either together or separate and imbued in people and firms we see as successful. We use intuition to define who is successful without really defining for ourself what makes someone successful. Architects are by nature design thinkers and rely on our ability to imagine and create frameworks to develop buildings. So it seems natural that until now we have relied on our intuition to define success.


Social Comparison Theory by Leon Festinger states that people tend to seek to evaluate their performance based on others so it makes sense to compare the definitions of architectural success with Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in figure one. Still most important is the self-actualization found in the fulfilment of good work. The architecture profession is a place of creativity and morality that feeds right into those high level needs. From casual observation it seems though most professionals look at the health of the firm and recognition more highly. Are these because they are the lower fruit on the tree so they are readily attainable. I have read in Thomas J. Peters and Robert H. Waterman’s In Search of Excellence that we commonly place more emphasis on the easily attainable goals and less priority on those high level needs that will give us longer lasting feelings of success. This is obviously a problem to further explore.

Whichever definition of success we look to attain, there obviously needs to be a way to measure and analyze it. However I do not want to leave this analysis at only a look at the rational quantitative data, I want to take the intuitive leap, that move that makes us so creative and discuss how to strategically plan out a career or take an existing business to a more meaningful and fulfilling high level success. I have already listed some descriptors of success that we can look for when analyzing current people and practices, now its time to discuss measures.

Measures of Success in Professional Practice

For each definition of success we will use the most rational quantitative data available to measure.

  1. For achievement, we will count name association to an architectural movement. We will ask how often do we find other architects mimic signature architectural moves.
  2. Recognition will be measured in number of awards won, major competitions won that were sponsored by professional associations and books written about the architect or firm.
  3. Health will be measured by looking at profit statements, size, and growth of firm.
  4. Self-actualization will be the hardest to measure and will require digging into media and professional recognition articles that describe their achievements, intuitively when a firm or person names appear often then we can credibly seek further input from those firms and people that have reach a level of fulfilment to be considered successful.

Using this measure and lexicon of descriptors we start to quantitatively see who is successful. From there we must make the intuitive leap to how these people are successful. Some time has been spent on leadership theory, strategic marketing, managing service firms, and innovative business intelligence. All this research leads me to believe that success can be an ingrained culture and spearheaded by a design/leadership champion. That is where my research is moving to now with and after a little bit of fumbling around articles on innovations I have realized that there are many markets, models, and strategies of innovation. I think that the future innovation discussion will revolve around a loose-tight framework for innovation in architecture. We can develop methods and approaches that allow our creative minds to populate with ideas and strategy of achieving it.

The architecture profession is constantly changing and firms are realizing the need to frequently reevaluate strategy and positioning to stay relevant. Firms innovate and work with other professions in a collaborative effort to design great buildings and cities. So why aren’t architecture schools in Canada doing the same? This is not an argument for a more experimental architectural design education as many schools such as my own (The University of Calgary, Faculty of Environmental Design) has incorporated fields of parametric and digital responsive architecture well.

I believe that many architecture schools fail to provide a solid education or incentives for collaborative design between not only architecture students, but different professions. Further, these schools provide much smaller rewards to students to think less about their GPA and more about the betterment of the school and profession. It seems that many schools reward the individual with good grades and scholarships when they successfully attain good marks in studio, however what about all the other soft skills needed to prepare for a interdisciplinary collaborative environment that architecture has become. An example of a collaborative interdisciplinary education could comprise of studio teams of students from different degree programs working together. Or architecture faculties could strive to bring in teaching assistants and professors that are from other professions to work in a dynamic environment. It is common at my school to have a day where a mechanical engineer or sustainability expert joins us – is this enough? I have to commend one professor in my faculty who has hired a teaching assistant in mechatronics to come in for weekly studio meetings which I believe provides this dynamic collaborative feedback. This teaching assistant is not just a reviewer, he helps build the systems needed to develop responsive architecture. This is one of the best examples I have seen of a collaborative interdisciplinary education that best resembles the profession.

It is critically important for the profession that students graduate from school with the shared values of the profession and soft skills needed to succeed.  Many schools are creating Interns that care about individual gain and what their salary could be then the future of the profession. We cannot continue to have an incentive bias for individual efforts through scholarships and grades, we need to provide incentives to students who go above and beyond there academic education. I believe a product of this “me first” mentality has led many to forgo registration which is an important part of our profession. Why get registered when you have the potential to make the same income and achieve the same or close to position of power. Not enough is done to ingrain the shared values that make strong leaders in our profession.

I am little biased as I am habitual volunteer and always place my school and peers before myself. I am willing to think about the betterment of the profession before my academic success and last year as president of the faculty student association, we worked to provide networking events and skill based tutorials. I received little to no recognition for my efforts and this is likely what draws me to the topic. Currently I am working on my thesis regarding success and innovation in the profession and the literature on leadership points to the need for strong shared values and leaders. There are few people in the architecture profession that succeed through their individual talents, normally it is an interdisciplinary team that designs great architecture. In my opinion, there is just too little incentive for students to work toward a collaborative interdisciplinary effort, developing the soft skills and values they will need in the changing profession.

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